为Mac配置服务器nginx

我们的项目基于SSI技术实现前后端完全分离,同事都用Apache,我比较喜欢nginx。

安装方法源自:http://www.codingcool.com/2013/07/18/在mac-os-x-10-9上编译安装nginx/

接着往下转:

1.先安装PCRE库(转注:nginx rewrite依赖该库)

可以在这里下载最新版,我这里使用的是8.33的版本然后在终端执行下面的命令。

cd ~/Download
tar xvzf pcre-8.33.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.33
sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
sudo make
sudo make install

2.下载安装nginx

首先在nginx官网下载最新的源码,我这里用的是nginx-1.5.2

tar -zvxf nginx-1.5.2.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.5.2
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-cc-opt="-Wno-deprecated-declarations"
make
make install

2015年03月19日注:在最新版Mac系统 10.10+中,nginx编译过程需要用到的MD5相关API已经是deprecated的了,会报错,类似于

cc1: warnings being treated as errors
src/core/ngx_crypt.c: In function ‘ngx_crypt_apr1’:
src/core/ngx_crypt.c:76: warning: ‘MD5_Init’ is deprecated (declared
at /usr/include/openssl/md5.h:113)
src/core/ngx_crypt.c:77: warning: ‘MD5_Update’ is deprecated
(declared at /usr/include/openssl/md5.h:114)
....

解决方法就是在配置时候增加参数如下:

./configure --with-cc-opt="-Wno-deprecated-declarations"

默认编译概要:

Configuration summary
+ using system PCRE library
+ OpenSSL library is not used
+ md5: using system crypto library
+ sha1: using system crypto library
+ using system zlib library

# 默认编译参数对应的安装路径(*_temp 为目录)
nginx path prefix: "/usr/local/nginx"
nginx binary file: "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
nginx configuration prefix: "/usr/local/nginx/conf"
nginx configuration file: "/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
nginx pid file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"
nginx error log file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log"
nginx http access log file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log"
nginx http client request body temporary files: "client_body_temp"
nginx http proxy temporary files: "proxy_temp"
nginx http fastcgi temporary files: "fastcgi_temp"
nginx http uwsgi temporary files: "uwsgi_temp"
nginx http scgi temporary files: "scgi_temp"

为了方便:(转注:我选择这个方式)

sudo ln -s /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/local/bin/nginx
sudo ln -s /usr/local/nginx/conf /etc/nginx
sudo ln -s /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid /var/run/nginx.pid
sudo ln -s /usr/local/nginx/logs /var/log/nginx

或者直接在编译时设定

./configure \
--sbin-path=/usr/local/bin/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx \
--pid-path=/var/run \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx

编译参数参考 Nginx InstallOption

3.启动Nginx

检查PATH环境变量

# ~/.bash_profile export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:$PATH

启动Nginx

sudo nginx

需要停止Nginx的时候运行

sudo nginx -s stop

4.配置自启动

创建文件 /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/nginx.plist

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
  <key>Label</key>
  <string>nginx</string>
  <key>KeepAlive</key>
  <true/>
  <key>Program</key>
  <string>/usr/local/bin/nginx</string>
  <key>RunAtLoad</key>
  <true/>
</dict>
</plist>

载入自启动文件

launchctl load -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/nginx.plist

2015年03月24日后记:
这次是在RMBP OSX Yosemite系统安装nginx 1.6.2, 按以上步骤安装很顺利,但是最后修改nginx默认端口为80后,发现我放在~/Documents目录下的项目访问都是403 Forbidden了。一阵折腾,几次重装之后,Google到了另一篇brew安装nginx过程的介绍,出现了同样的问题,最后是通过修改~/Documents目录权限为o+x才得以解决。之前我判断权限导致该问题,只修改项目所在目录权限为777也是无法解决的。

http://cssor.com/mac-nginx.html

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